History of Aurangzib Vol 1 - Wikisource, the free online library (2024)

HISTORY OF AURANGZIB

Vol. I.

Works by Jadunath Sarkar, M.A.

1.History of Aurangzib, based on Persian sources.Rs.
Vol. I. Reign of Shah Jahan, pp. 402.
Vol. II. War of Succession, pp. 328.312 each.
2.Anecdotes of Aurangzib (English translation and notes) and Historical Essays, pp. 248112
3.Ahkam-i-Alamgiri, Persian text with an English translation (Anecdotes of Aurangzib) and notes, pp. 72 + 1461
4.Chaitanya's Pilgrimages and Teachings, being an English translation of his contemporary biography, Chaitanya Charitamrita, Madhya-lila, pp. 320+2
5.India of Aurangzib: Statistics, Topography and Roads, with translations from the Khulasat-ut-tawarikh and the Chahar Gulshan. (Not a history), pp. 300212
6.Economics of British India, 3rd ed., pp. 300 + (In preparation)3
7.Essays, Social and Literary, by Ravindranath Tagore, translated into English (In preparation).

sold by

M. C. Sarkar & Sons, 75 Harrison Road, Calcutta.
S. K. Lahiri & Co., 56 College Str., Calcutta.
G. A. Natesan, 3 Shunkurama Chetti Str., Madras.
D. B. Taraporevala Sons & Co., 103 Medows Str., Bombay.
Luzac & Co., 46 Great Russell Str., LONDON.

HISTORY OF AURANGZIB

Mainly based on Persian Sources.

JADUNATH SARKAR, M.A.,

Professor, Patna College.

Vol. I.

Reign of Shah Jahan.

M. C. SARKAR & SONS,

75, Harrison Road,

CALCUTTA,

1912.

5s. net.

Rs. 3.8 as.

KUNTALINE PRESS.

Printed by Purna Chandra Dass,
61 & 62, Bowbazar Street, Calcutta.
Published by M. C. Sarkar & Sons,
75, Harrison Road, Calcutta.

CONTENTS.

Introduction.

Fullest expansion of Mughal empire under Aurangzib, xi—commencing decline, xii—rise of Marathas, Sikhs, and European trading companies, xii—administrative breakdown in Aurangzib's last years, xiv—its causes, xv—materials of his history official annals or namahs, xv—private histories written by officers, xvi—two histories by Hindus, xvii—monographs, xviii—Court bulletins, xix—contemporary letters, xix—European travellers: their value criticised, xxi—thanks for help, xxiii—spelling and dates xxvi.

Chapter I. Boyhood and Education.

Birth, 1—life during Jahangir's reign, 3—education, 4—knowledge of languages, 5—hand writing, 5—favourite studies, 7—intellectual tastes, 8—fights a furious elephant, 9—scorn of death, 11—reward, 12—first military appointment, 13.

Chapter II. The Bundela War.

Bundelkhand and its ruling clan, 14—Bir Singh Dev, 15—Jhujhar Singh subdued, 17—captures Chauragarh, 18—Mughal armies sent against him under Aurangzib, 19—capture of Urchha, 22—of Dhamuni, 23—Jhujhar pursued, 24—murdered, 25—fate of his wives and children, 27—spoils of war, 28—Urchha temple turned into mosque, 29—later Bundela resistance, 30.

Chapter III. First Viceroyalty of the Deccan.

Conquests under Akbar, 32—pause under Jahangir, 33—Shah Jahan extinguishes Ahmadnagar dynasty, 34—prepares to invade Bijapur and Golkonda, 35-Golkonda submits, 36—Bijapur territory ravaged, 37—peace with Bijapur: its terms, 38—treaty with Golkonda, 41—extent of Mughal Deccan: its four provinces, 42—capture of Udgir fort, 44—of Ausa, 46—Shahji Bhonsla submits, 46—exactions from the Gond rajahs, 49— Baglana, 50—invaded, 52—annexed, 53—Kheloji Bhonsla slain, 54.

Chapter IV. Marriage and Family—Viceroyalty of Guzerat.

Persian princes in India, 57—marry into the Mughal imperial family, 57—Aurangzib married to Dilras Banu, 58—the procession, 59—his wives: Nawab Bai, 61—Udaipuri, 64—Zainabadi, 65—how won, 66—his children: Zebunnissa, 68—others, 70—Jahanara burnt, 73—recovers, 75—Aurangzib's dismissal, 76—its cause, 77—he is reinstated, 79—Guzerat: the land and the people, 80—his strong rule, 81.

Chapter V. War in Central Asia.

Badakhshan and Balkh, 83—their peoples, 85—Uzbaks and Tartars, 86—Nazar Muhammad, king of Balkh, 89—Shah Jahan wishes to conquer Central Asia, 90—folly of the attempt, 91—Badakhshan invaded, 92—Balkh occupied, 93—arrangements for holding them, 95—Aurangzib appointed viceroy, 97—the opposed forces, 97—his march on Balkh, 99—advance to Aqcha, 101—incessant fighting 102—retreat to Balkh, 104—hardships on the way, 105—his cool courage, 106—peace negotiations, 107—Mughal army evacuates Balkh, 110—sufferings during retreat, 111—losses, 112.

Chapter VI. Governorship of Multan and Sindh.

Aurangzib sent to Multan, 114—his promotions, 115—his letters as preserved in the Adab-i-Alamgiri, 116—theirhistorical importance, 117—lawless people of the province, 118—the Hot tribe controlled, 119—the Nohani tribe, 121—expedition into Baluchistan, 121—order maintained, 123-a new port opened, 124.

Chapter VII. First siege of Qandahar.

Qandahar district described, 126—its strategic importance 128 commercial importance, 129—past history, 130-Persians besiege Qandahar fort, 132—treachery among the garrision, 135—fort surrenders, 136—incapacity of theIndian commandant, 137—Army sent to recover the fort, 138—fort of Qandahar described, 140—Aurangzib besiegesit, 143—his weakness in artillery, 145—Persians defeated by Rustam Khan, 147—retreat of Indian army, 148—losses, 149.

Chapter VIII. Second Siege of Qandahar.

Aurangzib sent with a second army, 150—begins the siege, 152—night attack on Qaitul hill fails, 154—badgunnery of the Indians, 157—failure to breach, 158—Persian losses, 160—siege abandoned, 161—Uzbak raid, 162—bittercorrespondence between Shah Jahan and Aurangzib, 163—causes of the failure, 164—Mughal losses in money andmen, 167—loss of military prestige, 168.

Chapter IX. Second Viceroyalty of the Deccan.

Aurangzib goes to the Deccan, 170—his life there, 171—religious bigotry, 173—Aurangabad city described, 174-administrative confusion in the Deccan, 176—its causes, 177—chronic deficit, 179—Aurangzib's financial difficulties, 182 no help from Shah Jahan, 185—wrangle between Emperor and viceroy, 186—Murshid Quli Khan, diwan ofthe Deccan, 189—his revenue system, 191—Aurangzib's protection of his officers, 195—increase of efficiency ingarrison artillery, 197—causes of Aurangzib's differences with Shah Jahan, 199—Minor expeditions: Gond kingdom Page:History of Aurangzib (based on original sources) Vol 1.djvu/12 Page:History of Aurangzib (based on original sources) Vol 1.djvu/13 Page:History of Aurangzib (based on original sources) Vol 1.djvu/14

History of Aurangzib Vol 1 - Wikisource, the free online library (2024)

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